Lecture @ Royal Academy of Arts

London, UK
19 Feb 2018

Hello, Robot
@ Design Museum

Gent, Belgium
27 Oct 2017 - 15 Apr 2018


Future Food District



The Future Food District (FFD), a 7000 sq. m. thematic pavilion that explores how digital technology can change the way that people interact with food, will be unveiled at tomorrow’s opening of Expo Milano 2015 “Feeding the Planet, Energy for Life”. Designed by Italian design firm Carlo Ratti Associati, together with supermarket chain COOP Italia, the pavilion — lying at the heart of the exhibition grounds — explores how data could change the way that we interact with the food that we eat, informing us about its origins and characteristics and promoting more informed consumption habits.


“Every product has a precise story to tell,” says Carlo Ratti, founding partner of Carlo Ratti Associati and a professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. “Today, this information reaches the consumer in a fragmented way. But in the near future, we will be able to discover everything there is to know about the apple we are looking at: the tree it grew on, the CO2 it produced, the chemical treatments it received, and its journey to the supermarket shelf.”


The Pavilion at Expo 2015 is a real Supermarket, where people can interact with – and buy – products. Its interior will resemble a sloping warehouse, with over 1500 products displayed on large interactive tables. As people browse different products, information will be visible on suspended mirrors augmented with digital information. “It will be like seamless augmented reality, without Google Glasses or any other cumbersome interface, where people can meet and exchange products and ideas,” said Andrea Galanti, project leader at Carlo Ratti Associati. “In a way, it is like a return to the old marketplace, where producers and consumers of food saw each other and had actual interactions”.


“We were inspired by Mr. Palomar from Italo Calvino’s book of the same name, who enters a fromagerie in Paris and thinks that he’s in a museum,” adds Ratti. “ ‘Behind every cheese there is a pasture of a different green under a different sky. Mr. Palomar feels as he does in the Louvre, seeing behind every object the presence of the civilization that has given it form.’ We believe that tomorrow’s markets will make us feel a bit like Mr. Palomar. Every product will have a story to tell.” This enhanced knowledge of products can, in turn, create new social links among people. “Think about leveraging the sharing economy and peer-to-peer dynamics to create a free exchange area where everyone can be both a producer and a consumer – almost an AirBNB of home-made products,” explains Giovanni de Niederhausern, COO of Carlo Ratti Associati.


The outside of the pavilion features the world’s largest plotter. The plotter, made of mechanical arms that move along two-axes, draws on the facade using spray paint of different colors, transforming it into a dynamic data visualization fed by visitor-generated contents. Again, information flows help reconfigure space. The Plaza outside the FFD supermarket will also showcase new ways of producing food, such as vertical hydroponic systems for growing vegetables, and algae and insect harvesting. “Such advancements in urban farming could really transform underutilized urban spaces into productive areas,” adds de Niederhausern. “If urban farming manages to find its foothold in major urban centers, its effects could be disruptive, in terms of fostering new relationships between citizens and nature.”


“The Future Food District is a truly innovative project, offering visitors the chance to try out possible future scenarios for the food supply chain and to explore a wide variety of food products. This is at the core of Expo Milan 2015’s commitment to inspire a new level of consciousness towards our relationship with food,” said Beppe Sala, CEO of Expo 2015. “We didn’t want our Pavilion to overwhelm people with hi-tech gadgets alone. Together with Carlo Ratti Associati we are exploring another direction altogether — pursuing a seamless, user-friendly technology,” added Marco Pedroni, President of COOP Italia.


Ratti reiterates that focus of the Pavilion is on using design to experiment with different modes of interaction. “This project is an experiment,” concludes Ratti. “Some parts of it will be more accomplished than others. However, our goal is to expose new forms of interaction with food to the hundreds of thousands of Expo visitors, who can in turn provide their feedback. As Alan Kay said, ‘The best way to predict the future is to invent it’; such endeavor should happen in a collaborative way.”



CREDITS FFD Client: Expo Milano 2015 Partner: COOP Italia Concept design: Senseable City Lab, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Architectural and interior design: Carlo Ratti Associati   CONSULTANTS OF CARLO RATTI ASSOCIATI Landscape design: Capatti Staubach Landschaftsarchitekte Pedestrian flow analysis: Systematica Urban algae folly design: ecoLogicStudio Vertical farm design: ENEA, Ceres, Lucchini Idromeccanica Graphic design: Studio FM Milano Interaction design: Avanade, dotdotdot System integration: Accenture   PROJECT TEAM AT CARLO RATTI ASSOCIATI: Carlo Ratti, Andrea Galanti (Project manager), Giovanni de Niederhausern, Antonio Atripaldi, Andrea Cassi, Sofia Cornejo Reindl, Gary Di Silvio, Pietro Leoni, Filippo Ferraris, Valentina Grasso, Walter Nicolino, Marco Maria Pedrazzo, Gianluca Santosuosso, Carlotta Sillano, Niccolò Suraci, Jenni Young. PROJECT TEAM AT MIT SENSEABLE CITY LAB: Carlo Ratti, Assaf Biderman, Andrea Galanti, Paola Garbagnoli, Chris Green, Cesare Griffa, Alex Haw, Nazanin Naeini, Yaniv Turgeman.   IMAGES CREDITS Images @ Delfino Sisto Legnani. The project has to be credited as below and a paper and/or pdf copy has to be sent to our studio: EXPO Milano 2015 Future Food District, project by Carlo Ratti, Direttore - MIT Senseable City Lab e Partner - Carlo Ratti Associati in collaboration with Favero & Milan Ingegneria, Capatti Staubach Landschaftsarchitekte, Systematica, ecoLogicStudio, Cesare Griffa Studio, ENEA e Ceres srl